Sheridan in 1934
|Born||Clara Lou Sheridan|
February 21, 1915
Denton, Texas, U.S.
|Died||January 21, 1967 (aged 51)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Hollywood Forever Cemetery|
Clara Lou "Ann" Sheridan (February 21, 1915 – January 21, 1967) was an American actress and singer. She worked regularly from 1934 to her death in 1967, first in film and later in television. Notable roles include Angels with Dirty Faces (1938) with James Cagney and Humphrey Bogart, They Drive by Night (1940) with George Raft and Bogart, The Man Who Came to Dinner (1942), Kings Row (1942) with Ronald Reagan, Nora Prentiss (1947) and I Was a Male War Bride (1949) with Cary Grant.
Life and career
Born in Denton, Texas on February 21, 1915, Sheridan was the daughter of G. W. Sheridan and Lula Stewart Warren Sheridan. She said that her father was a great-great-nephew of Civil War Union general Philip Sheridan. She had a sister, Pauline. She was active in dramatics at Denton High School and at North Texas State Teachers College. She also sang with the college's stage band.
In 1932, she was a student at North Texas State Teachers College when her sister sent a photograph of her to Paramount Pictures. She subsequently entered and won a beauty contest, with part of her prize being a bit part in a Paramount film, The Search for Beauty. She left college to pursue a career in Hollywood.
A December 2, 1934, story in The Sandusky Register referred to Ann Sheridan "who is still under contract to Paramount." A December 25, 1934, news story in The Emporia Gazette said, "Born Clara Lou Sheridan, she was 'changed' by studio bosses to plain Lou Sheridan, but ere long they had decided on Ann.")
She can be glimpsed in Bolero (1934), Come On Marines! (1934) (billed as "Clara Lou Sheridan"), Murder at the Vanities (1934), Shoot the Works (1934), Kiss and Make-Up (1934), The Notorious Sophie Lang (1934), College Rhythm (1934) (directed by Norman Taurog who Sheridan admired), Ladies Should Listen (1934), You Belong to Me (1934), Wagon Wheels (1934), The Lemon Drop Kid (1934), Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch (1934), Ready for Love (1934), Limehouse Blues (1934), One Hour Late (1934).
Sheridan worked with Paramount's drama coach Nina Mouise and would perform plays on the lot with fellow contractees, including The Milky Way and The Pursuit of Happiness. When she did The Milky Way she played a character called Ann and the Paramount front office decided to change her name to "Ann".
Sheridan had a part in Behold My Wife! (1934) which she got at the behest of director Mitchell Leisen, who was a friend. She had two good scenes, one in which her character had to commit suicide. Sheridan attributed this role to Paramount keeping her for two years.
Sheridan's first lead came in Car 99 (1935) with Fred MacMurray. She was in Rocky Mountain Mystery (1935), a Randolph Scott Western. "No acting, it was just playing the lead, that's all," she later said.
Then she was in Mississippi (1935) with Bing Crosby and W.C. Fields, The Glass Key (1935) with George Raft, and The Crusades (1935) with Loretta Young, having one line. Paramount loaned her out to Talisman, a small production company, to makeThe Red Blood of Courage (1935) with Kermit Maynard. After this Paramount declined to take up her option.
Sheridan did one film at Universal, Fighting Youth (1935), then signed a contract with Warner Bros. in 1936, and changing her name to Ann Sheridan. (An Associated Press news story on September 27, 1934, reported that she "had her name bobbed and her career lengthened simultaneously," with her new screen name being Lou Sheridan.
B picture stardom
Sheridan's career prospects began to improve. Her early films for Warners included Sing Me a Love Song (1936); Black Legion (1937) with Humphrey Bogart; The Great O'Malley (1937) with Pat O'Brien and Bogart; San Quentin (1937), with O'Brien and Bogart, singing for the first time in a film; Wine, Women and Horses (1937) with Barton MacLane.
Sheridan moved into B picture leads: The Footloose Heiress (1937); Alcatraz Island (1937) with John Litel; and She Loved a Fireman (1937) with Dick Foran for director John Farrow. She was a lead in The Patient in Room 18 (1937) and its sequel Mystery House (1938). Sheridan was in Little Miss Thoroughbred (1938) with Litel for Farrow and supported Dick Powell in Cowboy from Brooklyn (1938).
Sheridan's notices in Letter of Introduction impressed Warners executives. "Oomph" was described as "a certain indefinable something that commands male interest." and she began to get roles in A pictures, starting with Angels with Dirty Faces (1938), where she played James Cagney's love interest; Bogart, O'Brien and the Dead End Kids had support roles. The film was a big hit and critically acclaimed.
Sheridan was reunited with the Dead End Kids in They Made Me a Criminal (1938), starring John Garfield. She was third billed in the Western Dodge City (1939), playing a saloon owner opposite Errol Flynn and Olivia de Havilland. The film was another notable success.
In March 1939 Warners announced Sheridan had been voted by a committee of 25 men as the actress with the most "oomph" in America.
She received as many as 250 marriage proposals from fans in a single week. Tagged "The Oomph Girl"—a sobriquet which she reportedly loathed—Sheridan was a popular pin-up girl in the early 1940s. (On the other hand, a February 25, 1940, news story distributed by the Associated Press reported that Sheridan no longer "bemoaned the 'oomph' tag." She continued, "But I'm sorry now. I know if it hadn't been for 'oomph' I'd probably still be in the chorus.")
She was top billed in Indianapolis Speedway (1939) with O'Brien, and The Angels Wash Their Faces (1939) with O'Brien, the Dead End Kids and Ronald Reagan. Castle on the Hudson (1940) put her opposite Garfield and O'Brien.
Sheridan and Cagney were reunited in Torrid Zone (1940) with O'Brien in support. She was with George Raft, Bogart and Ida Lupino in They Drive by Night (1940), a trucking melodrama. Sheridan was back with Cagney for City for Conquest (1941) then made a comedy with George Brent Honeymoon for Three (1941).
Sheridan did two lighter films: Navy Blues (1941), a musical comedy; and The Man Who Came to Dinner (1941), playing a character modelled on Gertrude Lawrence. She then made Kings Row (1942), in which she received top billing playing opposite Ronald Reagan, Robert Cummings, and Betty Field. It was a huge success and one of Sheridan's most memorable films.
Sheridan and Reagan were reunited for Juke Girl (1942) . She was in the war film Wings for the Eagle (1942) and made a comedy with Jack Benny, George Washington Slept Here (1943). She played a Norwegian resistance fighter in Edge of Darkness (1943) with Errol Flynn, and was one of the many Warners stars who had cameos in Thank Your Lucky Stars (1943).
She was the heroine of a novel, Ann Sheridan and the Sign of the Sphinx, written by Kathryn Heisenfelt, published by Whitman Publishing Company in 1943. While the heroine of the story was identified as a famous actress, the stories were entirely fictitious. The story was probably written for a young teenage audience and is reminiscent of the adventures of Nancy Drew. It is part of a series known as "Whitman Authorized Editions", 16 books published between 1941 and 1947 that always featured a film actress as heroine.
Sheridan was absent from screens for over a year before returning in One More Tomorrow (1946) with Morgan. She had an excellent role in the noir Nora Prentiss (1947), which was a hit. It was followed by The Unfaithful (1948), a popular remake of The Letter, and Silver River (1948), a Western melodrama with Errol Flynn. She then left Warners.
Sheridan supported Gary Cooper in Good Sam (1948). Her role in I Was a Male War Bride (1949), directed by Howard Hawks and co-starring Cary Grant, gave her another success. In 1950, she appeared on the ABC musical television series Stop the Music. She made Stella (1950), a comedy with Victor Mature at Fox. She announced she wanted to produce a film, Second Lady based on a story by Eleanor Griffin.
Sheridan made Woman on the Run (1950), a noir, which she did produce. It was distributed by Universal and Sheridan signed a contract with that studio. While there she made Steel Town (1952); Just Across the Street (1952), a comedy; Take Me to Town (1953), a comedy directed by Douglas Sirk.
Sheridan supported Glenn Ford in Appointment in Honduras (1953). She appeared opposite Steve Cochran in Come Next Spring (1956) and was one of several stars in MGM's The Opposite Sex (1956). She did stage tours of Kind Sir (1958) and Odd Man In (1959), and in The Time of Your Life at the Brussels World Fair in 1958. In all three shows she acted with Scott McKay, whom she later married. In 1962 she played the lead in "The Mavis Grant Story" on the Western series Wagon Train. In the middle 1960s, Sheridan appeared on the NBC soap opera Another World. Her final work was a TV series of her own in the mid-1960s, a comedy Western entitled Pistols 'n' Petticoats, which was filmed during the year before her death and was broadcast on CBS on Saturday nights. The 19th episode of the series, "Beware the Hangman", aired, as scheduled, on the same day that she died. For her contributions to the motion picture industry, Ann Sheridan has a star on the Hollywood Walk Of Fame at 7024 Hollywood Boulevard.
Marriages and relationships
Sheridan married actor Edward Norris August 16, 1936, in Ensenada, Mexico. They separated a year later and divorced in 1939. On January 5, 1942 she married fellow Warner Brothers star George Brent who co-starred with her in Honeymoon for Three (1941). They divorced exactly one year later. Following her divorce from George Brent she had a long term relationship with publicist Steve Hannagan, that lasted until his death in 1953. Hannagan’s estate bequeathed Miss Sheridan $218,399 ($2,000,000 in current dollars) . On June 5, 1966 she married actor Scott McKay who was with her when she died, six months later.
In 1966 Sheridan began starring in a new television series, a Western themed comedy called Pistols 'n' Petticoats. She became ill during the filming and died of esophageal and liver cancer at age 51 on January 21, 1967 in Los Angeles. She was cremated and her ashes were stored at the Chapel of the Pines Crematory in Los Angeles until they were interred in a niche in the Chapel Columbarium at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery in 2005.
- Search for Beauty (1934) (uncredited)
- Bolero (1934) (uncredited)
- Come on Marines (1934)
- Murder at the Vanities (1934) (uncredited)
- Many Happy Returns (1934) (uncredited)
- Shoot the Works (1934) (uncredited)
- Kiss and Make Up (1934)
- The Notorious Sophie Lang (1934) (uncredited)
- Ladies Should Listen (1934)
- You Belong to Me (1934) (uncredited)
- Wagon Wheels (1934) (uncredited)
- The Lemon Drop Kid (1934) (uncredited)
- Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch (1934) (uncredited)
- College Rhythm (1934) (uncredited)
- Ready for Love (1934) (uncredited)
- Star Night at the Cocoanut Grove (1934 short) (uncredited)
- Behold My Wife (1934)
- Limehouse Blues (1934) (uncredited)
- One Hour Late (1935) (uncredited)
- Enter Madame (1935)
- Home on the Range (1935)
- Rumba (1935) (uncredited)
- Car 99 (1935)
- Rocky Mountain Mystery (1935)
- Mississippi (1935) (uncredited)
- The Red Blood of Courage (1935)
- The Glass Key (1935)
- The Crusades (1935) (uncredited)
- Hollywood Extra Girl (1935 documentary short)
- Fighting Youth (1935)
- Sing Me a Love Song (1937) (scenes deleted)
- Black Legion (1937) as Betty Grogan
- The Great O'Malley (1937)
- San Quentin (1937)
- The Footloose Heiress (1937)
- Wine, Women and Horses (1937)
- Alcatraz Island (1937)
- She Loved a Fireman (1937)
- The Patient in Room 18 (1938)
- Mystery House (1938)
- Out Where the Stars Begin (1938 short)
- Little Miss Thoroughbred (1938)
- Cowboy from Brooklyn (1938)
- Letter of Introduction (1938)
- Broadway Musketeers (1938)
- Angels with Dirty Faces (1938)
- They Made Me a Criminal (1939)
- Dodge City (1939)
- Naughty but Nice (1939)
- Indianapolis Speedway (1939)
- Winter Carnival (1939)
- The Angels Wash Their Faces (1939)
- Castle on the Hudson (1940)
- It All Came True (1940) as Sarah Jane Ryan
- Torrid Zone (1940)
- They Drive by Night (1940) as Cassie Hartley
- City for Conquest (1940)
- Honeymoon for Three (1941)
- Navy Blues (1941)
- The Man Who Came to Dinner (1942) as Lorraine Sheldon
- Kings Row (1942)
- Juke Girl (1942)
- Wings for the Eagle (1942)
- George Washington Slept Here (1942)
- Edge of Darkness (1943)
- Thank Your Lucky Stars (1943)
- Shine On, Harvest Moon (1944)
- The Doughgirls (1944)
- Cinderella Jones (1946) (uncredited)
- One More Tomorrow (1946)
- The Unfaithful (1947)
- Nora Prentiss (1947)
- Silver River (1948)
- Good Sam (1948)
- I Was a Male War Bride (1949)
- Stella (1950)
- Woman on the Run (1950) (also co-producer)
- Steel Town (1952)
- Just Across the Street (1952)
- Take Me to Town (1953)
- Appointment in Honduras (1953)
- Come Next Spring (1956)
- Calling Terry Conway (1956 TV movie)
- The Opposite Sex (1956)
- Woman and the Hunter (1957)
- The Far Out West (1967)
|1943||Screen Guild Players||Love Is News|
|1952||Stars in the Air||Good Sam|
- "Ann Sheridan Is Still a Favorite After Years as a Successful Star". Albuquerque Journal. New Mexico, Albuquerque. March 30, 1952. p. 29. Retrieved June 18, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Miss Pauline Sheridan Weds in Oklahoma". Denton Record-Chronicle. Texas, Denton. March 27, 1931. p. 5. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Miss Sheridan Is Winner in Screen Contest". Denton Record-Chronicle. Texas, Denton. July 19, 1933. p. 8. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Denton Girl Wins World Contest; to be Given Part in Paramount Movie". Denton Record-Chronicle. Texas, Denton. September 9, 1933. p. 1. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Ann sheridan, film star, dies. (1967, Jan 22). Chicago Tribune (1963-Current File) Retrieved from http://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/179108425?accountid=13902
- "Ann Sheridan Gets First Leading Role". The Sandusky Register. Ohio, Sandusky. December 2, 1934. p. 2. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Hollywood Notebook". The Emporia Gazette. Kansas, Emporia. December 25, 1934. p. 12. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Hagen p 171
- Hagen p 172
- "Texas Girl Is Given Lengthy Film Contract". The Brownsville Herald. Texas, Brownsville. Associated Press. September 27, 1934. p. 9. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Sullivan, E. (1939, Aug 27). Looking at hollywood with ed sullivan. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) Retrieved from http://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/175373270?accountid=13902
- Ann sheridan voted leading 'oomph' girl by jury of 25 men. (1939, Mar 18). Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) Retrieved from http://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/175248402?accountid=13902
- "Everybody Wants to Marry Annie", AP, May 25, 1941. Accessed June 2, 2009.
- "Ann Sheridan, Actress, Born Clara Lou Sheridan on Feb. 21, 1915 in Denton, TX, Died Jan. 21, 1967 of cancer in Los Angeles, CA", by Paul Houston, Los Angeles Times, January 22, 1967
- "When a Woman Could Be an Oomph Girl", by Art Rogoff, The New York Times, September 12, 1988.
- "The Oomph Girl", Classic Cinema Gold, February 21, 2012
- "'Oomph Girl' Is Happy Now". The Ogden Standard-Examiner. Utah, Ogden. Associated Press. February 25, 1940. p. 11. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Whitman Authorized Editions for Girls
- WILKINSON, L. A. (1944, Feb 06). NOTHING BUT OOMPH? Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from http://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/165486550?accountid=13902
- Scheuer, P. K. (1949, May 22). Ann sheridan to risk oomph on own movie. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from http://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/165925096?accountid=13902
- Humphrey, H. (1967, Jan 22). Ann sheridan hits the mark with pistols it's about time tries a new format. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from http://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/155643644?accountid=13902
- "Pistols and Petticoats", in Single Season Sitcoms, 1948-1979: A Complete Guide, by Bob Leszczak (McFarland, 2012) p155
- "Ann Sheridan and Edward Norris Wed". Denton Record-Chronicle. Texas, Denton. August 31, 1936. p. 4. Retrieved June 17, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- May 7, 1956; Stephen J Hannagan Will; File No. P 440/1953; Surrogates Court in the County of New York; Hall of Records.
- "Ann Sheridan Biography". Remembering Ann Sheridan. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-02-09. Retrieved 2006-02-19.
- "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 39 (1): 32–41. Winter 2013.
- Kirby, Walter (March 9, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 42. Retrieved May 23, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Digital scrapbook filled with news clippings related to the career of Ann Sheridan, housed at the University of North Texas.
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