Çüngüş

Coordinates: 38°12′46″N 39°17′13″E / 38.21278°N 39.28694°E / 38.21278; 39.28694
Çüngüş
Map showing Çüngüş District in Diyarbakır Province
Map showing Çüngüş District in Diyarbakır Province
Çüngüş is located in Turkey
Çüngüş
Çüngüş
Location in Turkey
Coordinates: 38°12′46″N 39°17′13″E / 38.21278°N 39.28694°E / 38.21278; 39.28694
CountryTurkey
ProvinceDiyarbakır
Government
 • MayorAli Suat Akmeşe (AKP)
Area
512 km2 (198 sq mi)
Elevation
1,049 m (3,442 ft)
Population
 (2022)[1]
10,720
 • Density21/km2 (54/sq mi)
Time zoneTRT (UTC+3)
Postal code
21870
Area code0412
Websitewww.cungus.bel.tr

Çüngüş (Ottoman Turkish: چونکوش,[2] Kurdish: Çêngûş,[3] Armenian: Չնքուշ, romanizedChnkush, Chunkoush[4]) is a municipality and district of Diyarbakır Province, Turkey.[5] Its area is 512 km2,[6] and its population is 10,720 (2022).[1]

Çüngüş was an Armenian bishopric[7] an Armenian Church was constructed in 1841.[8] It was a large and flourishing Armenian town.[4] Besides the church a monastery was located.[9] In 1915, Çüngüş was the site of a massacre during the Armenian genocide in which around 10,000 Armenians living in the area were taken to the Dudan crevasse and murdered by being thrown into the chasm. The massacre was remembered and recorded by the local Kurdish population,[10][11] and a memorial to victims of the killings was recorded in the film 100 Years Later (2016).[12]

Composition[edit]

There are 40 neighbourhoods in Çüngüş District:[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Address-based population registration system (ADNKS) results dated 31 December 2022, Favorite Reports" (XLS). TÜİK. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  2. ^ Tahir Sezen, Osmanlı Yer Adları (Alfabetik Sırayla), T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü, Yayın Nu 21, Ankara, p. 133.
  3. ^ Adem Avcıkıran (2009). Kürtçe Anamnez Anamneza bi Kurmancî (PDF) (in Turkish and Kurdish). p. 57. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Kaza Argana / Arghana / Maden - Մադեն /Arġanameden -Արղանամեդեն / Erğani Madeni". Virtual Genocide Memorial. Retrieved 2023-09-18.
  5. ^ Büyükşehir İlçe Belediyesi, Turkey Civil Administration Departments Inventory. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  6. ^ "İl ve İlçe Yüz ölçümleri". General Directorate of Mapping. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  7. ^ "Recueil de chants liturgiques - Collection Manuscrits". Musée Arménien de France (in French). Retrieved 2022-07-12.
  8. ^ Philandre (2015-07-03). "To Cermik and Cungus". Among Armenian Ruins. Retrieved 2022-07-12.
  9. ^ Hoppe, Ralf (2015-04-21). "Turkey Slowly Moves to Address Armenian Genocide". Der Spiegel. ISSN 2195-1349. Retrieved 2022-07-12.
  10. ^ Mouradian, Khatchig (2012-06-19). "Alchemy near the Chasm of Death: Visiting a Mass Grave of the Armenian Genocide". The Armenian Weekly. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
  11. ^ Arango, Tim (2015-04-16). "A Century After Armenian Genocide, Turkey's Denial Only Deepens". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
  12. ^ Lubbock, John (2016-03-22), 100 Years Later, retrieved 2020-01-22
  13. ^ Mahalle, Turkey Civil Administration Departments Inventory. Retrieved 12 July 2023.